Common Urologic Problems and How You Can Treat Them

Understanding Urology Diseases

The urinary system, consisting of the ureter, bladder, kidneys, and urethra, plays a vital role in regulating waste elimination through urine. However, issues with filtering or carrying out urine from the body can give rise to urologic diseases. These conditions can affect individuals of any gender or age. In men, urologic problems in the genital system can lead to sexual dysfunction and infertility, necessitating the expertise of a urologist.


In this blog, we will explore the most prevalent urological problems and the available treatment options for both men and women. By gaining insight into these conditions and their potential remedies, individuals can make informed decisions about their urological health and seek appropriate medical care, if required.


Benign Prostatic Enlargement (BPE)

Benign Prostatic Enlargement (BPE) is common in older men. It happens when the prostate gland in men becomes bigger. This can cause problems with urination, having trouble starting to pee, not being able to empty the bladder completely, or having a weak urine flow. Treating BPE depends on different things, like how bad the symptoms are, the person’s age, and overall health. For mild or moderate cases, doctors might prescribe medications. These medicines can help relax the muscles around the prostate or reduce its size. If medication doesn’t work or if the symptoms are severe, the doctor might recommend minimally invasive procedures or surgery. In more severe cases, the doctor may suggest removing part of the prostate or using advanced techniques like laser enucleation or prostate artery embolization.


Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common urologic problems that can affect both women and men. They are usually caused by bacteria and can affect the bladder and urethra. In rare cases, UTIs can also involve the kidneys. Symptoms of a UTI include a burning sensation when urinating, a constant need to urinate, urine that looks cloudy or smells bad, and pain in the pelvic area near the pubic bone.


To properly diagnose a UTI, the doctor may suggest a urine culture test. When UTIs are treated promptly, they typically don’t cause many complications, especially if they are limited to the lower urinary tract. However, if a UTI is left untreated and the bacterial infection spreads to the kidneys, more serious complications can arise. These may include a high fever and other severe problems.


Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can develop due to genetic factors or certain dietary habits. They may go unnoticed until they cause symptoms. When a stone moves from the kidney to the ureter, the tube that connects the kidney and bladder, it can block the flow of urine and lead to intense pain. Small stones can sometimes be passed out of the body through urine without medical intervention, but larger stones may require surgical treatment.


A doctor may prescribe medication or recommend surgical procedures to remove larger kidney stones. Common treatment options include percutaneous nephrolithotomy, retrograde intrarenal surgery, and shock wave lithotripsy. These procedures use energy to break the stones into smaller pieces, making it easier for the body to pass them naturally.


Hematuria (Blood in Urine)

When there is blood in your urine, it is called hematuria. Most of the time, hematuria is not a serious problem, but it’s important to be aware that it can sometimes be a sign of urinary tract cancers. Hematuria can occur due to any defect or abnormality in the urinary tract system. Some possible causes include urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney infections, bladder or kidney stones, sexually transmitted diseases, polycystic renal diseases, prostate enlargement, and the use of certain anti-inflammatory drugs or anticoagulants.


While blood in the urine is the main symptom of urinary tract cancers, there are other signs that may indicate the presence of the disease. These signs can include abdominal tenderness, pain while urinating, and a weak stream of urine.


In most cases, the treatment for hematuria involves addressing the underlying causes of the condition. For example, if the blood in the urine is due to a urinary tract infection, doctors may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. Similarly, if it is caused by prostate enlargement, doctors will provide appropriate treatment and medication based on the specific situation.


Urinary Incontinence (Loss of Bladder Control)

Urinary incontinence is of different types. Stress incontinence, functional incontinence, and overflow incontinence are a few examples, each with its own reasons for causing loss of bladder control. While some cases of urinary incontinence can be improved through lifestyle or behavioral changes, others may require surgical intervention to address the issue.


There are various causes of urinary incontinence, including:

  • Overactive bladder: When the bladder contracts involuntarily, causing a sudden urge to urinate.
  • Enlarged prostate: In men, an enlarged prostate gland can lead to difficulties with bladder control.
  • Pregnancy or childbirth: The changes in the pelvic floor muscles during pregnancy and childbirth can contribute to urinary incontinence.
  • Diabetes: High blood sugar levels can affect nerve function and bladder control.
  • Weak bladder muscles: Weakened muscles in the bladder can result in leakage.
  • Weak sphincter muscles: The muscles that support the urethra may become weak, leading to urine leakage.
  • Neuromuscular problems: Conditions that affect nerve signals to the bladder can cause urinary incontinence.
  • Overhydration: Consuming excessive fluids can put a strain on the bladder and lead to increased urine production.

In some cases, making lifestyle adjustments, such as managing fluid intake, practicing pelvic floor exercises, and avoiding bladder irritants, may help improve urinary incontinence. However, when these measures are not effective, surgery may be recommended to address the underlying issue and restore bladder control.


Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a common type of cancer that affects men. While the exact cause of prostate cancer is still unknown, the risk of developing it increases as men grow older, with most cases occurring after the age of 50. In the early stages of prostate cancer, there may not be any noticeable signs or symptoms. However, as the cancer advances, the patient may experience bone pain, unexplained weight loss, weakened urine force, and erectile dysfunction.


In many cases, prostate cancers grow slowly and remain confined to the prostate gland. In these situations, they may not cause significant harm, and doctors may recommend active surveillance, which involves closely monitoring cancer’s growth without immediate treatment. However, if prostate cancer becomes aggressive and spreads rapidly, doctors may suggest various treatments based on the cancer stage and other factors.


Treatment options for prostate cancer can include surgery to remove the prostate gland, radiation therapy, hormone therapy to reduce the levels of male hormones that fuel cancer growth, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. The choice of treatment depends on factors such as the cancer stage, the patient’s overall health, and personal preferences.



In conclusion, adopting healthy habits and practices can greatly contribute to maintaining good urological health for both adults and children. By following these tips, such as staying hydrated, drinking cranberry juice, limiting salt and caffeine intake, maintaining a healthy weight, choosing a smoke-free lifestyle, performing pelvic exercises, and implementing specific measures for children’s urological health, we can take proactive steps towards preventing urological issues.


Furthermore, as parents, it is crucial to prioritize our own urological health and that of our children. Scheduling regular checkups with a healthcare professional and promptly reporting any concerning symptoms are essential in ensuring early detection and appropriate management of any potential urological problems.


Remember, by making these simple adjustments and being proactive in our urological health, we can contribute to overall well-being and lead healthier lives.

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